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Standard & Regulation

Detailed Discussion of MIL-STD-1353 (Part 1): Tin Plating

The mating of the electrical wiring interconnect system (EWIS) is a non-trivial task. Between the functional requirements (the correct number of pins, sizing of contacts, etc.), there are also the performance requirements (operational environment, corrosion resistance, impedance matching, etc.). This is then further complicated by installation requirements (sizing), maintenance requirements (mating/demating cycles), and regulatory requirements (limitations of materials that can be used). Obviously, adding a connector to a wire harness is not a five-second activity. This article looks at the MIL-STD-1353 specific requirements for tin usage in aircraft connectors. Read more

A Summary of MIL-STD-1353, A Guide to Connector Selection

Due to the diversity of connector applications, each connector is liable to be subject to entirely different electrical stress, mechanical stress, environmental conditions, etc. Knowing the severity of conditions a connector will be exposed to during its service life is imperative during the selection process. The MIL-STD-1353 (Electrical Connectors, Plug-in Sockets and Associated Hardware, Selection and Use of) document aims to provide guidance in the selection of connectors used in equipment intended for military use. (The information presented here also is of value to the private sector and part 23/25 aircraft.) The document references several standards/ requirements that must be met for military equipment qualification and combines them into one easy-to-reference guide. Read more

ASTM F3309- A Simplified Safety Analysis for Small Aircraft

Aircraft safety requirements vary depending on the size of the aircraft. Typically, larger aircraft have stricter requirements as a catastrophic failure in large aircraft has the potential for a much larger loss of life than that of small aircraft which hold far fewer passengers. The ASTM F3309 provides a simplified qualitative approach to evaluate the safety of small aircraft. Read more

EN2235 Review and Comparison to NEMA 27500

Cables are complicated engineered products. They range from the simple twisted pair (simple but requiring precise twists per foot) to the complicated signal and data cables used in many applications. Just as the NEMA 27500 cable standard is the go-to cable for many aerospace applications in the US, the EN2235 shares the same status in the EU. The requirements for these cables are outlined in this article. Further, we examine the differences between the EN2235 cables and the NEMA 27500 cables. Read more

IEEE 1584-Arc Standard

Key Takeaways IEEE 1584 provides a basis and a model for arc flash protection and necessary safe separation distance. The standard targeted the necessary calculations for power distribution. While there is some overlap with the aerospace industry wiring system requirements, the model’s range inhibits its use for aircraft. Research down an unfamiliar path often includes […] Read more

AS4372 – Building a Wire/Cable Specification

While it is possible to start from scratch and develop an independent set of tests and performance requirements, there are existing standards that can be used to expedite the process. Read more

Where EWIS Stops

Having well-defined and recognized system boundaries is the best means to ensure an analysis of that system is robust and does not leave any analysis gaps. Without an established limit and assigned responsibilities, arguments will ensue as to who is the responsible party and time/effort will be wasted with duplicated analysis.

Because an aircraft’s wiring touches nearly all of the systems, it can be confusing to understand where the system starts and stops, and this has led to confusion as to the responsible party for the wiring system design and/or maintenance. Some organizations have seen the responsibility fall on the electrical power systems teams, others, avionics. Regardless of who takes up the responsibility, a clear definition of the wiring system’s physical and logical boundaries must be agreed upon. Thankfully, there are several industry documents that can be relied upon.

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AS50881 and EN3197 Harmonization

Working from a common knowledge base is critical for part interoperability. Take a standard screw; to install it requires a screwdriver (Phillips or Flathead), lining the screw up with the hole, and rotating clockwise to drive the screw. The screw works the same in Europe as it does in America, though the measurements might be […] Read more

Fall 2017 SAE Wire and Cable Meeting Update

Every six months, the SAE wire system installation and wire/cable subcommittees come together to advance the state of the industry. This year, the Fall meeting was held in sunny Temecula, California. The following are some of the noteworthy items from this meeting. High Voltage Endurance The 8D task group on the evaluation of high voltage […] Read more

Fuel System Protection Part II

Lectromec has written multiple articles on fuel system safety as it relates to SFAR88, AC 25.981, and AC 25.1701. In this article, we continue the discussion by reviewing some of the recommendations that came out of the NTSB report on TWA 800 and subsequently influenced AC 25.981. Some of these recommendations may not apply to […] Read more