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Protection & Prevention

Shield Grounding and EMI Protection

The push for more electric aircraft is driven by weight savings and the availability of reliable electrical components. This is made possible with greater power generating capacity, however, this comes with an increased challenge of ensuring reliable data transmission. More power flowing through the aircraft means higher levels of electromagnetic interference (EMI). Aerospace environmental test […] Read more

Evaluating Secondary Wire Harness Protection Performance

There are several reasons to deploy secondary harness protection (SHP): chafe protection, maintenance protection, fire protection, harness cable management and, in some cases, arc protection. The EN6059-502 test examines secondary harness protections and the potential damage from arcing. This article runs through the test method and problems that could occur if the results are misinterpreted. […] Read more

Fuel System Protection Part II

Lectromec has written multiple articles on fuel system safety as it relates to SFAR88, AC 25.981, and AC 25.1701. In this article, we continue the discussion by reviewing some of the recommendations that came out of the NTSB report on TWA 800 and subsequently influenced AC 25.981. Some of these recommendations may not apply to […] Read more

Signs of an Aging Wiring System

All components wear out over time, but the rate at which they degrade will vary depending on the quality of the product, how is it handled, and the environmental conditions in which the component is installed. To consider all the potential ways that an EWIS can fail, it can be overwhelming. As a brief list […] Read more

Nuisance Trips

Circuit protection devices are primarily responsible for protection of electrical circuits from low impedance faults. These device types may be thermal, arc fault circuit breaker (AFCB), or integrated within a solid-state power distribution. Regardless of type, their role remains the same. But circuit protection devices are not error free. In the cases when the circuit […] Read more

Ampacity Improvements

When electrical current flows down a conductor, it gets warm due to resistive heating. The more current that flows, the warmer the conductor gets. Depending on the wire gauge, conductor conductivity, and ambient temperature of the wire location, the conductor temperature reaches the maximum certified temperature. This maximum electrical current is where the outward heat […] Read more

What are the Potential Issues with Tin Plated Conductors?

Tin plated copper is a common choice for wire conductor within the aerospace industry. The advantages of using tin as the plating for copper conductors is the low cost, increases to solderability, and corrosion resistance. However, tin-plated conductor does have drawbacks. Here we review some on the key differences between common platings for aerospace wires. Read more

Electrical Fault and Fire Prevention and Protection

The prevention of electrical fires is a common goal for most aircraft systems. Advisory Circular (AC) 25-16, “Electrical fault and Fire Prevention and Protection”, released in 1991, can be considered one of the precursors to the Electrical Wiring Interconnection System (EWIS) regulations. Although the document is now 25 years old as of last month, AC 25-16 provides a wide variety of recommended practices that are commonplace in the EWIS design and installation. Here we review some of the key points addressed in AC 25-16 and considerations with modern EWIS design with respect to electrical fault and fire prevention and protection. Read more

What do advanced arc fault circuit protection devices protect?

The use of circuit protection devices is a fundamental part of circuit design; it is difficult to think of systems without them. For the aircraft industry, thermal circuit protection devices have been the primary circuit protection components for decades, and there is good reason for this: flight crew and maintenance personnel are familiar with their operation, and they are reliable and relatively low cost. Read more

4 aspects of wiring selection for special aircraft applications

Not all wires are created equal. Through the years, Lectromec has learned the best practices for wire selection that would ensure the Electrical Wire Interconnect Systems’ (EWIS) longevity. There are thousands of wire standards for the aerospace industry. These include: the National Electrical Manufacturers’ Association (NEMA) standards, the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) standards, as […] Read more